Introduction to Pallet Selection


Selecting the right pallet is crucial for efficient alliance packing and shipping and storage. The type of pallet you choose can impact not only the safety and security of your goods but also the cost-effectiveness of your logistics operations. With various materials and sizes available, understanding the best options for your needs can ensure that your shipping process is as smooth and efficient as possible.


Types of Pallet Materials


Wood Pallets


Wooden pallets are the most commonly used pallets in the shipping industry. They are valued for their strength, durability, and cost-effectiveness. Wooden pallets are suitable for a wide range of goods, from heavy machinery to lighter products. Additionally, they are easily repairable and recyclable, making them a practical choice for many businesses.



– Strong and durable

– Cost-effective

– Repairable and recyclable



– Can be heavy

– Susceptible to moisture and pests

– Potential for splinters and nails posing a hazard


Plastic Pallets


Plastic pallets are increasingly popular due to their lightweight nature and resistance to moisture, chemicals, and pests. They are ideal for industries that require high hygiene standards, such as pharmaceuticals and food and beverage. While they are more expensive than wood pallets, their longevity and ease of cleaning can offset the initial investment over time.



– Lightweight

– Hygienic and easy to clean

– Resistant to moisture, chemicals, and pests



– Higher upfront cost

– Not as strong as wood for heavy loads

– Less environmentally friendly if not recycled


Metal Pallets


Metal pallets, typically made from steel or aluminum, are used for transporting heavy loads and in environments where durability is paramount. They are highly resistant to damage and can be used in extreme conditions. However, their weight and cost make them less common than wood or plastic pallets.



– Extremely durable and strong

– Resistant to damage and extreme conditions



– Heavy and difficult to handle

– Expensive

– Prone to corrosion if not properly treated


Composite Pallets


Composite pallets, made from materials like pressed wood or fiberboard, combine the benefits of wood and plastic pallets. They are lightweight, strong, and often used for export purposes due to their compliance with international shipping regulations.



– Lightweight and strong

– Compliant with international shipping regulations

– Often more affordable than plastic pallets



– Limited durability compared to solid wood or plastic

– Not suitable for very heavy loads


Pallet Sizes and Their Applications


Standard Pallet Sizes


Pallet sizes can vary based on regional standards and industry requirements. The most common pallet size in North America is the 48×40 inch pallet, also known as the GMA (Grocery Manufacturers Association) pallet. In Europe, the standard size is 1200×800 mm, known as the EUR-pallet or Euro pallet. These standard sizes are widely accepted and work well with most racking and transport systems.


Custom Pallet Sizes


For businesses with specific shipping needs, custom pallet sizes may be necessary. Custom pallets can be designed to fit unique product dimensions, optimizing space and reducing shipping costs. While they can be more expensive to produce, the efficiency gained in storage and transport can justify the investment.




Choosing the right pallet for your shipping needs involves considering the material, size, and specific requirements of your logistics operations. Wooden pallets offer strength and cost-effectiveness, while plastic pallets provide hygiene and durability. Metal pallets are suitable for heavy-duty applications, and composite pallets offer a balance between weight and strength. By understanding the advantages and limitations of each type, you can make an informed decision that enhances your shipping efficiency and ensures the safe delivery of your goods.